UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1) is a vital metabolic enzyme responsible for the clearance of endogenous substances and drugs. Hitherto, the development of fluorescent probes for UGTs was severely restricted due to the poor isoform selectivity and on–off or blue-shifted fluorescence response. Herein, we established a novel “molecular-splicing” strategy to construct a highly selective near-infrared (NIR) fluorescent probe, HHC, for UGT1A1, which exhibited a NIR signal at 720 nm after UGT1A1 metabolism. HHC was then successfully used for the real-time imaging of endogenous UGT1A1 in living cells and animals and to monitor the bile excretion function. In summary, an isoform-specific NIR fluorescent probe has been developed for monitoring UGT1A1 activity in living systems, high-throughput screening of novel UGT1A1 inhibitors and visual evaluation of bile excretion function.
- fluorescence imaging
- molecular-splicing strategy
- NIR fluorescent probes
- UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1
ASJC Scopus subject areas