A meta-analysis of the relation between creative self-efficacy and different creativity measurements

Jennifer Haase, Eva V. Hoff, Paul H. P. Hanel, Åse Innes-Ker

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This meta-analysis investigated the relations between creative self-efficacy (CSE) and creativity measures and hypothesized that self-assessed questionnaires would have a different relation to self-efficacy beliefs compared to other creativity tests. The meta-analysis synthesized 60 effect sizes from 41 papers (overall N = 17226). Taken as a whole, the relation between CSE and creativity measures was of medium size (r =.39). Subgroup analyses revealed that self-rated creativity correlated higher with self-efficacy (r =.53). The relation with divergent thinking (DT) tests was weak (r =.23). Creativity scales had a medium size relation (r =.43), and was stronger than the relation to verbal performance tasks (r =.27) and figural performance tasks (r =.19). In a comparison between measures focusing on the creative person (r =.47), the creative product (r =.32), and the creative process (r =.27), the person aspect was most strongly linked to CSE. Thus, the relation between self-efficacy and creativity measures is dependent on the type of measurement used, emphasizing the need for researchers to distinguish between different instruments—not the least between self-report scales and more objective test procedures. Conceptual implications are discussed and critique concerning the creativity concept is brought up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalCreativity Research Journal
Issue number1
Early online date30 Jan 2018
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Creativity, Self-Efficacy, Creative Self-efficacy, Meta-Analysis, Creativity Measures, Creativity Tests

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Visual Arts and Performing Arts
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)


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