A liquid tangible display for mobile colour mixing

Cameron Steer

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

4 Citations (SciVal)


Digital painting is an increasingly popular medium of expression for many artists, yet when compared to its traditional equivalents of physical brushes and viscous paint it lacks a dimension of tangibility. We conducted observations and interviews with physical and digital artists, which gave us a strong understanding of the types of interactions used to create both physical and digital art, and the important role tangibility plays within these experiences. From this, we developed a unique liquid-like tangible display for mobile, digital colour mixing. Using a chemical hydrogel that changes its viscosity depending on temperature, we are able to create some resemblances to the feeling of mixing paint with a finger. This paper documents the information gathered from working with artists, how this process informed the development of a mobile painting attachment, and an exploration of its capabilities. After returning with our prototype, we found that it provided artists with sensations of oil and acrylic paint mixing and also successfully mimicked how paints are laid out on a paint palette.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 3 Sept 2018


  • Artists
  • Digital painting
  • Hydrogel
  • Textures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Information Systems
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Software


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