A full-field 3D digital image correlation and modelling technique to characterise anterior cruciate ligament mechanics ex vivo

Rosti Readioff, Brendan Geraghty, Eithne Comerford, Ahmed Elsheikh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

It is limiting to use conventional methods when characterising material properties of complex biological tissues with inhomogeneous and anisotropic structure, such as the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in the knee joint. This study aims to develop and utilise a three-dimensional digital image correlation method (3D DIC) for the purpose of determining material properties of femur-ACL-tibia complex across the surface without any contact between the tissue and the loading equipment. A full-field (360° view) 3D DIC test setup consisting of six digital single-lens reflex cameras was developed and ACL specimens from skeletally mature dog knee joints were tested. The six cameras were arranged into three pairs and the cameras within each pair were positioned with 25° in between to obtain the desired stereovision output. The test setup was calibrated twice: first to obtain the intrinsic and extrinsic parameters within camera pairs, and second to align the 3D surfaces from each camera pair in order to generate the full view of the ACLs. Using the undeformed 3D surfaces of the ligaments, ACL-specific finite element models were generated. Longitudinal deformation of ligaments under tensile loads obtained from the 3D DIC, and this was analysed to serve as input for the inverse finite element analysis. As a result, hyperelastic coefficients from the first-order Ogden model that characterise ACL behaviour were determined with a marginal error of
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-428
Number of pages12
JournalActa Biomaterialia
Volume113
Early online date5 Aug 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2020
Externally publishedYes

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