A fluid dynamic gauging device for measuring fouling deposit thickness in opaque liquids at elevated temperature and pressure

A. Ali, G.J. Chapman, Y.M.J. Chew, T. Gu, W.R. Paterson, D.I. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We report proof-of-concept results for a fluid dynamic gauging (FDG) device for measuring the thickness and strength of soft solid fouling layers immersed in an opaque liquid in situ and in real time at elevated pressures and temperatures. The device reported here is configured to make measurements on the inner rod of an annular flow test section but the concept is generic. Data are presented from tests using mineral oil at temperatures and pressures up to 140°C and 10bara, respectively. Problems with the prototype hardware prevented testing up to the design limits of 270°C and 30bara. The practical working range of the gauge, i.e. 0.0540. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations of the gauging flow in these quasi-static experiments (no bulk liquid flow) gave good agreement with experimental data for the cases tested. The CFD results showed that the low Re regime is related to creeping flow in the nozzle. CFD calculations of the shear stress being imposed on the surface being gauged gave good agreement with an analytical model for flow between parallel discs, indicating that the latter can be used to estimate the maximum shear stress imposed by the gauging flow.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-28
Number of pages10
JournalExperimental Thermal and Fluid Science
Volume48
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013

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Gaging
Fluid dynamics
Fouling
Computational fluid dynamics
Deposits
Shear stress
Liquids
Mineral Oil
Parallel flow
Mineral oils
Temperature
Gages
Analytical models
Nozzles
Hardware
Computer simulation
Testing
Experiments

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A fluid dynamic gauging device for measuring fouling deposit thickness in opaque liquids at elevated temperature and pressure. / Ali, A.; Chapman, G.J.; Chew, Y.M.J.; Gu, T.; Paterson, W.R.; Wilson, D.I.

In: Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, Vol. 48, 07.2013, p. 19-28.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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