We report proof-of-concept results for a fluid dynamic gauging (FDG) device for measuring the thickness and strength of soft solid fouling layers immersed in an opaque liquid in situ and in real time at elevated pressures and temperatures. The device reported here is configured to make measurements on the inner rod of an annular flow test section but the concept is generic. Data are presented from tests using mineral oil at temperatures and pressures up to 140°C and 10bara, respectively. Problems with the prototype hardware prevented testing up to the design limits of 270°C and 30bara. The practical working range of the gauge, i.e. 0.0540. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations of the gauging flow in these quasi-static experiments (no bulk liquid flow) gave good agreement with experimental data for the cases tested. The CFD results showed that the low Re regime is related to creeping flow in the nozzle. CFD calculations of the shear stress being imposed on the surface being gauged gave good agreement with an analytical model for flow between parallel discs, indicating that the latter can be used to estimate the maximum shear stress imposed by the gauging flow.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2013|