A finite element model for simulating second generation high temperature superconducting coils/stacks with large number of turns

Fei Liang, Sriharsha Venuturumilli, Huiming Zhang, Min Zhang, Jozef Kvitkovic, Sastry Pamidi, Yawei Wang, Weijia Yuan

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Abstract

An efficient two dimensional T-A formulation based approach is proposed to calculate the electromagnetic characteristics of tape stacks and coils made of second generation high temperature superconductors. In the approach, a thin strip approximation of the superconductor is used in which the superconducting layer is modeled as a 1-dimensional domain. The formulation is mainly based on the calculation of the current vector potential T in the superconductor layer and the calculation of the magnetic vector potential A in the whole space, which are coupled together in the model. Compared with previous T-based models, the proposed model is innovative in terms of magnetic vector potential A solving, which is achieved by using the differential method, instead of the integral method. To validate the T-A formulation model, it is used to simulate racetrack coils made of second generation high temperature superconducting (2G HTS) tape, and the results are compared with the experimentally obtained data on the AC loss. The results show that the T-A formulation is accurate and efficient in calculating 2G HTS coils, including magnetic field distribution, current density distribution, and AC loss. Finally, the proposed model is used for simulating a 2000 turn coil to demonstrate its effectiveness and efficiency in simulating large-scale 2G HTS coils.

LanguageEnglish
Article number043903
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume122
Issue number4
DOIs
StatusPublished - 28 Jul 2017

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coils
formulations
tapes
alternating current
vector currents
high temperature superconductors
density distribution
strip
current density
electromagnetism
approximation
magnetic fields

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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A finite element model for simulating second generation high temperature superconducting coils/stacks with large number of turns. / Liang, Fei; Venuturumilli, Sriharsha; Zhang, Huiming; Zhang, Min; Kvitkovic, Jozef; Pamidi, Sastry; Wang, Yawei; Yuan, Weijia.

In: Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 122, No. 4, 043903, 28.07.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Liang, Fei ; Venuturumilli, Sriharsha ; Zhang, Huiming ; Zhang, Min ; Kvitkovic, Jozef ; Pamidi, Sastry ; Wang, Yawei ; Yuan, Weijia. / A finite element model for simulating second generation high temperature superconducting coils/stacks with large number of turns. In: Journal of Applied Physics. 2017 ; Vol. 122, No. 4.
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