A dynamic usage-based analysis of L2 written complexity development of sojourners: Syntactic and lexical complexity development of sojourners

Zeynep Köylü, Nurullah Eryilmaz, Carmen Perez-Vidal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Studies exploring complexity, accuracy, and fluency (CAF) development from a complex dynamic or dynamic usage-based (DUB) systems view are well documented in the literature (Verspoor et al., 2021). However, the analyses in these studies are mostly limited to elementary to intermediate level L2 learners from instructed secondary school settings. The current study thus investigates the relationship between time and holistic judgments of proficiency and syntactic and lexical complexity development in the writings of a group of advanced sojourners during a semester spent abroad, addressing the empirical gaps pertained to different proficiency levels and context. The data are weekly diary entries produced over the course of a 12–17 week stay abroad. The data are analyzed for holistic proficiency gains and syntactic and lexical complexity measures through linear mixed-effects modelling. The results confirm the significance of random individual variation, but also suggests a common developmental path as the participants ended up with significant gains in their holistic proficiency but with more elaborate sentences with fewer verb phrases and less diverse vocabulary.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101002
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Second Language Writing
Volume60
Early online date22 May 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2023

Bibliographical note

Data Availability:
Data will be made available on request.

Keywords

  • CAF development
  • Dynamic usage-based approach
  • Holistic proficiency
  • Linear mixed-effects modelling
  • Study abroad

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

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