A comprehensive biomechanical analysis of the barbell hip thrust

Adam Brazil, Laurie Needham, Jac Palmer, Ian Bezodis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Barbell hip thrust exercises have risen in popularity within the biomechanics and strength and conditioning literature over recent years, as a method of developing the hip extensor musculature. Biomechanical analysis of the hip thrust beyond electromyography is yet to be conducted. The aim of this study was therefore to perform the first comprehensive biomechanical analysis the barbell hip thrust. Nineteen resistance trained males performed three repetitions of the barbell hip thrust at 70% one-repetition maximum. Kinematic (250 Hz) and kinetic (1000 Hz) data were used to calculate angle, angular velocity, moment and power data at the ankle, knee, hip and pelvic-trunk joint during the lifting phase. Results highlighted that the hip thrust elicits significantly (p < 0.05) greater bilateral extensor demand at the hip joint in comparison with the knee and pelvic-trunk joints, whilst ankle joint kinetics were found to be negligible. Against contemporary belief, hip extensor moments were not found to be consistent throughout the repetition and instead diminished throughout the lifting phase. The current study provides unique insight to joint kinematics and kinetics of the barbell hip thrust, based on a novel approach, that offers a robust evidence base for practitioners to guide exercise selection.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPLoS ONE
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Mar 2021

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