Apatite-type lanthanum silicate (La9.33Si6O26) has been attracting significant recent interest due to its high oxide ion conductivity. In this paper, synthesis and conductivity data for a range of doped samples (Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, B, Ga and Zn) are reported, in particular, to compare the effect of rare earth vs Si site doping. The results show that Ga, B and Zn favour substitution on the Si site, while Ca, Sr and Ba favour La-site substitution. Mg is shown to be an ambi-site dopant, substituting on either site depending on the starting composition. The samples doped on the Si site show higher conductivities than comparable samples doped on the La site, providing further support for the importance of the silicate network in the conduction process, as initially predicted by atomistic modelling studies. For Ga doping on the Si site, the effect of varying the rare-earth size on the conductivities is also reported.
Sansom, J. E. H., Kendrick, E., Tolchard, J. R., Islam, M. S., & Slater, P. R. (2006). A comparison of the effect of rare earth vs Si site doping on the conductivities of apatite-type rare earth silicates. Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, 10(8), 562-568. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10008-006-0129-8