A comparison of Islamic and conventional insurance demand: Worldwide evidence during the Global Financial Crisis

Waheed Akhter, Vasileios Pappas, Saad Ullah Khan

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8 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

In this paper we compare the Islamic insurance industry (Takaful) to the conventional insurance across 14 countries over the 2005–2014 period. Our methodology relies on panel regressions and accounts for the periods
during and post the global financial crisis (GFC). Specifically, we investigate: i) the difference in the insurance demand dynamics of the two insurance types; ii) if Islamic insurance demand has been boosted in the period that
followed the crisis. To allow for cross-country heterogeneities we form sub-samples of high/low insurance regions and ASEAN/Middle East. We find Islamic and conventional insurance demand to be negatively affected by
GDP/capita, albeit the Islamic showing a greater resilience during crisis. A negative link between conventional insurance and saving rate shows that conventional saving products work as substitutes to conventional
insurance. Higher average income is positively (negatively) related to Islamic insurance demand in the Middle East (ASEAN), a finding plausibly related to the different practices relating to Islamic finance in the two regions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1401-1412
JournalResearch in International Business and Finance
Volume42
Early online date8 Jul 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017

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