In the shallow water coastal area, visibility is comparatively restricted, yet marine mammals are still able to navigate, manoeuvre and find food without any noticeable difficulties. Our work has focused particularly on grey whales (Eschrichtius robustus) due to their close association with the shallow water environment. One of their primary food sources is found in kelp beds, in a highly cluttered and acoustically active environment. Because the usefulness of vision is limited by the turbidity of the coastal submarine environment, it is logical to believe they rely heavily on their hearing. Unlike dolphins and porpoises, grey whales do not appear to use active echolocation techniques. We propose therefore that they are making use of the ambient noise for passive acoustic characterisation of their environment. We are investigating what sounds are available to these animals in their feeding grounds and what types of visualisation techniques they might be employing. During the summer of 2006, ambient noise recordings were collected in two bays along the central coast of British Columbia, canada, where grey whales are known to feed. The array used was a fixed 2-hydrophone design, horizontally separated by a small distance, analogous to a set of ears, and was deployed from a kayak. The acoustic signals were recorded near the surface at a broadband frequency range of 20Hz to 20kHz where the water column depths ranged from 3m to 30m approximately, and in several distinct environments (deeper water, shallow water with kelp bed, shallow water with bare seabed, surf zone). This paper examines the data collected and develops hypotheses based on Synthetic Aperture and Acoustic Daylight Imaging techniques as possible mechanisms available to these whales to interpret the nearshore sound field.
|Published - 2007
|Proceedings of the 2nd international conference & exhibition on Underwater Acoustic Measurements: Technologies & Results -
Duration: 1 Jan 2007 → …
|Proceedings of the 2nd international conference & exhibition on Underwater Acoustic Measurements: Technologies & Results
|1/01/07 → …