A γ-ray burst at a redshift of ≈ 8.2

N. R. Tanvir, D. B. Fox, A. J. Levan, E. Berger, K. Wiersema, J. P.U. Fynbo, A. Cucchiara, T. Krühler, N. Gehrels, J. S. Bloom, J. Greiner, P. A. Evans, E. Rol, F. Olivares, J. Hjorth, P. Jakobsson, J. Farihi, R. Willingale, R. L.C. Starling, S. B. Cenko & 43 others D. Perley, J. R. Maund, J. Duke, R. A.M.J. Wijers, A. J. Adamson, A. Allan, M. N. Bremer, D. N. Burrows, A. J. Castro-Tirado, B. Cavanagh, A. De Ugarte Postigo, M. A. Dopita, T. A. Fatkhullin, A. S. Fruchter, R. J. Foley, J. Gorosabel, J. Kennea, T. Kerr, S. Klose, H. A. Krimm, V. N. Komarova, S. R. Kulkarni, A. S. Moskvitin, C. G. Mundell, T. Naylor, K. Page, B. E. Penprase, M. Perri, P. Podsiadlowski, K. Roth, R. E. Rutledge, T. Sakamoto, P. Schady, B. P. Schmidt, A. M. Soderberg, J. Sollerman, A. W. Stephens, G. Stratta, T. N. Ukwatta, D. Watson, E. Westra, T. Wold, C. Wolf

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Abstract

Long-duration γ-ray bursts (GRBs) are thought to result from the explosions of certain massive stars, and some are bright enough that they should be observable out to redshifts of z 20 using current technology. Hitherto, the highest redshift measured for any object was z = 6.96, for a Lyman-α emitting galaxy. Here we report that GRB 090423 lies at a redshift of z 8.2, implying that massive stars were being produced and dying as GRBs 630 Myr after the Big Bang. The burst also pinpoints the location of its host galaxy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1254-1257
Number of pages4
JournalNature
Volume461
Issue number7268
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Oct 2009

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massive stars
gamma ray bursts
galaxies
explosions
bursts

Keywords

  • Astrophysics - Cosmology and Extragalactic Astrophysics, Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Tanvir, N. R., Fox, D. B., Levan, A. J., Berger, E., Wiersema, K., Fynbo, J. P. U., ... Wolf, C. (2009). A γ-ray burst at a redshift of ≈ 8.2. Nature, 461(7268), 1254-1257. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature08459

A γ-ray burst at a redshift of ≈ 8.2. / Tanvir, N. R.; Fox, D. B.; Levan, A. J.; Berger, E.; Wiersema, K.; Fynbo, J. P.U.; Cucchiara, A.; Krühler, T.; Gehrels, N.; Bloom, J. S.; Greiner, J.; Evans, P. A.; Rol, E.; Olivares, F.; Hjorth, J.; Jakobsson, P.; Farihi, J.; Willingale, R.; Starling, R. L.C.; Cenko, S. B.; Perley, D.; Maund, J. R.; Duke, J.; Wijers, R. A.M.J.; Adamson, A. J.; Allan, A.; Bremer, M. N.; Burrows, D. N.; Castro-Tirado, A. J.; Cavanagh, B.; De Ugarte Postigo, A.; Dopita, M. A.; Fatkhullin, T. A.; Fruchter, A. S.; Foley, R. J.; Gorosabel, J.; Kennea, J.; Kerr, T.; Klose, S.; Krimm, H. A.; Komarova, V. N.; Kulkarni, S. R.; Moskvitin, A. S.; Mundell, C. G.; Naylor, T.; Page, K.; Penprase, B. E.; Perri, M.; Podsiadlowski, P.; Roth, K.; Rutledge, R. E.; Sakamoto, T.; Schady, P.; Schmidt, B. P.; Soderberg, A. M.; Sollerman, J.; Stephens, A. W.; Stratta, G.; Ukwatta, T. N.; Watson, D.; Westra, E.; Wold, T.; Wolf, C.

In: Nature, Vol. 461, No. 7268, 29.10.2009, p. 1254-1257.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tanvir, NR, Fox, DB, Levan, AJ, Berger, E, Wiersema, K, Fynbo, JPU, Cucchiara, A, Krühler, T, Gehrels, N, Bloom, JS, Greiner, J, Evans, PA, Rol, E, Olivares, F, Hjorth, J, Jakobsson, P, Farihi, J, Willingale, R, Starling, RLC, Cenko, SB, Perley, D, Maund, JR, Duke, J, Wijers, RAMJ, Adamson, AJ, Allan, A, Bremer, MN, Burrows, DN, Castro-Tirado, AJ, Cavanagh, B, De Ugarte Postigo, A, Dopita, MA, Fatkhullin, TA, Fruchter, AS, Foley, RJ, Gorosabel, J, Kennea, J, Kerr, T, Klose, S, Krimm, HA, Komarova, VN, Kulkarni, SR, Moskvitin, AS, Mundell, CG, Naylor, T, Page, K, Penprase, BE, Perri, M, Podsiadlowski, P, Roth, K, Rutledge, RE, Sakamoto, T, Schady, P, Schmidt, BP, Soderberg, AM, Sollerman, J, Stephens, AW, Stratta, G, Ukwatta, TN, Watson, D, Westra, E, Wold, T & Wolf, C 2009, 'A γ-ray burst at a redshift of ≈ 8.2', Nature, vol. 461, no. 7268, pp. 1254-1257. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature08459
Tanvir NR, Fox DB, Levan AJ, Berger E, Wiersema K, Fynbo JPU et al. A γ-ray burst at a redshift of ≈ 8.2. Nature. 2009 Oct 29;461(7268):1254-1257. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature08459
Tanvir, N. R. ; Fox, D. B. ; Levan, A. J. ; Berger, E. ; Wiersema, K. ; Fynbo, J. P.U. ; Cucchiara, A. ; Krühler, T. ; Gehrels, N. ; Bloom, J. S. ; Greiner, J. ; Evans, P. A. ; Rol, E. ; Olivares, F. ; Hjorth, J. ; Jakobsson, P. ; Farihi, J. ; Willingale, R. ; Starling, R. L.C. ; Cenko, S. B. ; Perley, D. ; Maund, J. R. ; Duke, J. ; Wijers, R. A.M.J. ; Adamson, A. J. ; Allan, A. ; Bremer, M. N. ; Burrows, D. N. ; Castro-Tirado, A. J. ; Cavanagh, B. ; De Ugarte Postigo, A. ; Dopita, M. A. ; Fatkhullin, T. A. ; Fruchter, A. S. ; Foley, R. J. ; Gorosabel, J. ; Kennea, J. ; Kerr, T. ; Klose, S. ; Krimm, H. A. ; Komarova, V. N. ; Kulkarni, S. R. ; Moskvitin, A. S. ; Mundell, C. G. ; Naylor, T. ; Page, K. ; Penprase, B. E. ; Perri, M. ; Podsiadlowski, P. ; Roth, K. ; Rutledge, R. E. ; Sakamoto, T. ; Schady, P. ; Schmidt, B. P. ; Soderberg, A. M. ; Sollerman, J. ; Stephens, A. W. ; Stratta, G. ; Ukwatta, T. N. ; Watson, D. ; Westra, E. ; Wold, T. ; Wolf, C. / A γ-ray burst at a redshift of ≈ 8.2. In: Nature. 2009 ; Vol. 461, No. 7268. pp. 1254-1257.
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abstract = "Long-duration γ-ray bursts (GRBs) are thought to result from the explosions of certain massive stars, and some are bright enough that they should be observable out to redshifts of z 20 using current technology. Hitherto, the highest redshift measured for any object was z = 6.96, for a Lyman-α emitting galaxy. Here we report that GRB 090423 lies at a redshift of z 8.2, implying that massive stars were being produced and dying as GRBs 630 Myr after the Big Bang. The burst also pinpoints the location of its host galaxy.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - A γ-ray burst at a redshift of ≈ 8.2

AU - Tanvir, N. R.

AU - Fox, D. B.

AU - Levan, A. J.

AU - Berger, E.

AU - Wiersema, K.

AU - Fynbo, J. P.U.

AU - Cucchiara, A.

AU - Krühler, T.

AU - Gehrels, N.

AU - Bloom, J. S.

AU - Greiner, J.

AU - Evans, P. A.

AU - Rol, E.

AU - Olivares, F.

AU - Hjorth, J.

AU - Jakobsson, P.

AU - Farihi, J.

AU - Willingale, R.

AU - Starling, R. L.C.

AU - Cenko, S. B.

AU - Perley, D.

AU - Maund, J. R.

AU - Duke, J.

AU - Wijers, R. A.M.J.

AU - Adamson, A. J.

AU - Allan, A.

AU - Bremer, M. N.

AU - Burrows, D. N.

AU - Castro-Tirado, A. J.

AU - Cavanagh, B.

AU - De Ugarte Postigo, A.

AU - Dopita, M. A.

AU - Fatkhullin, T. A.

AU - Fruchter, A. S.

AU - Foley, R. J.

AU - Gorosabel, J.

AU - Kennea, J.

AU - Kerr, T.

AU - Klose, S.

AU - Krimm, H. A.

AU - Komarova, V. N.

AU - Kulkarni, S. R.

AU - Moskvitin, A. S.

AU - Mundell, C. G.

AU - Naylor, T.

AU - Page, K.

AU - Penprase, B. E.

AU - Perri, M.

AU - Podsiadlowski, P.

AU - Roth, K.

AU - Rutledge, R. E.

AU - Sakamoto, T.

AU - Schady, P.

AU - Schmidt, B. P.

AU - Soderberg, A. M.

AU - Sollerman, J.

AU - Stephens, A. W.

AU - Stratta, G.

AU - Ukwatta, T. N.

AU - Watson, D.

AU - Westra, E.

AU - Wold, T.

AU - Wolf, C.

PY - 2009/10/29

Y1 - 2009/10/29

N2 - Long-duration γ-ray bursts (GRBs) are thought to result from the explosions of certain massive stars, and some are bright enough that they should be observable out to redshifts of z 20 using current technology. Hitherto, the highest redshift measured for any object was z = 6.96, for a Lyman-α emitting galaxy. Here we report that GRB 090423 lies at a redshift of z 8.2, implying that massive stars were being produced and dying as GRBs 630 Myr after the Big Bang. The burst also pinpoints the location of its host galaxy.

AB - Long-duration γ-ray bursts (GRBs) are thought to result from the explosions of certain massive stars, and some are bright enough that they should be observable out to redshifts of z 20 using current technology. Hitherto, the highest redshift measured for any object was z = 6.96, for a Lyman-α emitting galaxy. Here we report that GRB 090423 lies at a redshift of z 8.2, implying that massive stars were being produced and dying as GRBs 630 Myr after the Big Bang. The burst also pinpoints the location of its host galaxy.

KW - Astrophysics - Cosmology and Extragalactic Astrophysics, Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=70350686721&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/nature08459

DO - 10.1038/nature08459

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VL - 461

SP - 1254

EP - 1257

JO - Nature

JF - Nature

SN - 0028-0836

IS - 7268

ER -