3D Printed Deformable Surfaces for Shape-Changing Displays

Aluna Everitt, Jason Alexander

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (SciVal)
49 Downloads (Pure)


We use interlinked 3D printed panels to fabricate deformable surfaces that are specifically designed for shape-changing displays. Our exploration of 3D printed deformable surfaces, as a fabrication technique for shape-changing displays, shows new and diverse forms of shape output, visualizations, and interaction capabilities. This article describes our general design and fabrication approach, the impact of varying surface design parameters, and a demonstration of possible application examples. We conclude by discussing current limitations and future directions for this work.
Original languageEnglish
JournalFrontiers in Robotics and AI
Publication statusPublished - 28 Aug 2019


  • shape-changing displays
  • actuated tangible interfaces
  • 3D printing surfaces
  • design and fabrication approach
  • deformable interfaces


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