360° Optical Flow using Tangent Images

Mingze Yuan, Christian Richardt

Research output: Chapter or section in a book/report/conference proceedingChapter in a published conference proceeding

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Abstract

Omnidirectional 360° images have found many promising and exciting applications in computer vision, robotics and other fields, thanks to their increasing affordability, portability and their 360° field of view. The most common format for storing, processing and visualising 360° images is equirectangular projection (ERP). However, the distortion introduced by the nonlinear mapping from 360° images to ERP images is still a barrier that holds back ERP images from being used as easily as conventional perspective images. This is especially relevant when estimating 360° optical flow, as the distortions need to be mitigated appropriately. In this paper, we propose a 360° optical flow method based on tangent images. Our method leverages gnomonic projection to locally convert ERP images to perspective images, and uniformly samples the ERP image by projection to a cubemap and regular icosahedron faces, to incrementally refine the estimated 360° flow fields even in the presence of large rotations. Our experiments demonstrate the benefits of our proposed method both quantitatively and qualitatively.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBritish Machine Vision Conference
Subtitle of host publication(BMVC)
PublisherChristian Richardt
Number of pages14
Volume2021
Publication statusPublished - 22 Nov 2021

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