2–2 composites based on [011]-poled relaxor-ferroelectric single crystals

Analysis of the piezoelectric anisotropy and squared figures of merit for energy harvesting applications

C. R. Bowen, D. N. Betts, H. A. Kim, V. Yu. Topolov

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Abstract

In this paper we explore the effect of the orientation of the main crystallographic axes in relaxor-ferroelectric single crystals (SCs) on the piezoelectric anisotropy and squared figures of merit of 2-2 parallel-connected SC/auxetic polymer composites. The single-crystal component for the composite is chosen from the perovskite-type solid solutions with compositions near the morphotropic phase boundary and poled along the perovskite unit-cell [011] direction (mm 2 symmetry of domain-engineered SCs). The orientation of the main crystallographic axes in the single-crystal component is observed to strongly influence the piezoelectric coefficients d3j* squared figures of merit d3j* g3j* electromechanical coupling factors k3j* and hydrostatic analogs of these parameters of the 2-2 composite. Inequalities | d33*/ d 3f*| > 5 and | k33*/ k3f*| > 5 (f = 1 and 2) are achieved at specific orientations of the main crystallographic axes due to the significant anisotropy of the elastic and piezoelectric properties of the single-crystal component. The use of an auxetic polyethylene (a polymer component with a negative Poisson's ratio) leads to a significant increase in the hydrostatic parameters. Particular advantages of such composites over conventional ceramic/polymer composites are taken into account for transducer, hydroacoustic, energy harvesting, and other applications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)709-717
Number of pages9
JournalMicrosystem Technologies
Volume20
Issue number4-5
Early online date7 Dec 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2014

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Energy harvesting
figure of merit
Ferroelectric materials
Anisotropy
Single crystals
anisotropy
composite materials
single crystals
Composite materials
Polymers
hydrostatics
Perovskite
energy
polymers
Electromechanical coupling
Underwater acoustics
underwater acoustics
Crystal symmetry
Poisson ratio
Polyethylene

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2–2 composites based on [011]-poled relaxor-ferroelectric single crystals : Analysis of the piezoelectric anisotropy and squared figures of merit for energy harvesting applications. / Bowen, C. R.; Betts, D. N.; Kim, H. A.; Yu. Topolov, V.

In: Microsystem Technologies, Vol. 20, No. 4-5, 30.04.2014, p. 709-717.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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