1-3-Type Composites Based on Ferroelectrics: Electromechanical Coupling, Figures of Merit, and Piezotechnical Energy-Harvesting Applications

Christopher R. Bowen, Vitaly Yu Topolov, Yan Zhang, Alexander A. Panich

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The physical and microgeometric factors that are able to improve the piezoelectric performance, anisotropy, and energy-harvesting characteristics of modern 1-3-type composites based on ferroelectrics are discussed. The composite connectivity patterns of particular interest for this study include 1-3-0, 1-0-3, and 1-2-2. The active components of the studied composites are chosen from conventional perovskite-type ferroelectric ceramics, lead-free materials, or domain-engineered single crystals, all of which exhibit particularly intriguing electromechanical properties. Examples of the large anisotropy of piezoelectric coefficients, electromechanical coupling factors, squared figures of merit, and large hydrostatic parameters of the three-component 1-3-type composites are considered in the context of their piezotechnical applications. The applications of these materials include piezoelectric transducers, sensors, energy-harvesting, and hydroacoustic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)813-828
Number of pages16
JournalEnergy Technology
Issue number5
Early online date23 Mar 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018



  • Composite
  • Energy harvesting
  • Ferroelectric materials
  • Piezoelectric materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)

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