A COMPUTATIONAL MODEL FOR SIALIDASE AND SIALYTRANSFERASE MEC HANISM

Project: Research council

Description

Simulation of potential-energy and free-energy profiles for reaction steps in putative mechanisms for sialidases using hybrid quantum/classical methods.

Layman's description

Mapping the complex network of possible chemical reaction pathways that could be used by an enzyme implicated in influenza in order to point towards design of a better anti-flu drug.

Key findings

We demonstrated that the mechanism of action of several different sialidases is essentially common and involves both the covalent intermediate (as with other retaining glycosidases) and the oxacarbenium. Both species are accessible within the enzyme active site under normal physiological conditions, but probably the rate-determining transition state is that for general base-catalysed nucleophilic substitution leading to the covalent intermediate. Since the two species differ significantly in their charge distribution, this result may have an important bearing upon the design of new and better inhibitors as transition-state analogues; whereas Relenza and Tamiflu both used DANA as their template, it might be fruitful to design mimics for the transition state of the actual rate-determining step.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date1/04/0531/03/08

Funding

  • BBSRC

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Neuraminidase
Bearings (structural)
Zanamivir
Oseltamivir
Glycoside Hydrolases
Charge distribution
Complex networks
Enzymes
Potential energy
Free energy
Chemical reactions
Substitution reactions
Pharmaceutical Preparations