Roland Jones

Prof

  • 7 WEST 3.13A

Accepting PhD Students

20002017
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Personal profile

Research interests

Within neuronal networks in the central nervous system, excitatory synaptic transmission is mediated by the amino acid, glutamate, and inhibition by gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). Research in my lab is focussed on the role of these transmitters in network activity in normal and abnormal functional states. Experimental work largely employs electrophysiological approaches (intra and extracellular recording, whole cell patch clamp) conducted in in vitro cortical brain slice preparations from rat brain. The particular area of the brain that I am interested in is the entorhinal cortex, which plays pivotal roles in learning, memory and other cognitive processes, and is implicated in many disorders of the CNS, including epilepsy, Alzheimer’s disease and schizophrenia.

Control of transmitter release at cortical synapses

I have a long-standing interest in studying short-term dynamic changes in transmission at synapses in the entorhinal cortex. Presynaptic release of both GABA and glutamate is controlled by feedback interactions of the transmitters with receptors on the presynaptic terminals, Both transmitters are released spontaneously from presynaptic nerve terminals, and provide a continuous level of background synaptic "noise" in postsynaptic neurones. It is becoming clear that this background noise is not spurious, but is functional in setting the level of excitability of neurones and, therefore, the processing capabilities of the network. We have been particularly involved in delineating the roles and mechanisms associated with control of release by presynaptic ionotropic glutamate receptors (especially NMDA and kainate receptors), but also by G-protein coupled receptors (mGluR and GABAB). These studies have involved patch clamp recordings to look at spontaneous synaptic activity in individual neurones. However, we have recently established the use of a mathematical approach to derive synaptic conductances from membrane potential fluctuations, from which we can quantify background inhibition and excitation, and examine how the balance between them determines the excitability of individual neurones as a function of network activity.

Synchronous activity in neuronal networks

Other research in my lab focuses on the control of synchrony in neuronal networks of entorhinal cortex. I am interested in how oscillatory activity is established in neuronal networks and how this relates to cognitive processing, particularly in relation to drugs that can enhance cognition. More recently, we have been examining how oscillatory activity relates to the early life development of spatial navigational processing in temporal lobe networks. There is a clear association between eye opening, appearance of high frequency (40-50 Hz gamma) network oscillations and establishment of specific navigation related properties of ‘grid’ cells in the entorhinal cortex, and we are examining the mechanisms underlying this link.

Network activity in temporal lobe epilepsy

I have a particular interest, in how network activity is altered in hypersynchronous states, particularly in temporal lobe epilepsy, and how anticonvulsant drugs may repair abnormal network activity in this condition. We have previously studied network activity and the role of presynaptic control of transmitter release in tissue from chronically epileptic animals using an in vivo model (the pilocarpine model). More recently, we have developed a novel model of epilepsy induced entirely in vitro in slice preparations from rat brain maintained in organotypic culture for periods of weeks to months. This work was been funded by the National Centre for Reduction, Refinement and Replacement of animals in research (NC3Rs) and has the potential to substantially reduce animal usage for basic epilepsy research. In a very exciting development (with colleagues in Birmingham and Newcastle) we have extended this culture approach to living human brain tissue obtained from surgical interventions for refractory epilepsy, greatly extending the viable lifetime of this valuable tissue for basic epilepsy research.

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Entorhinal Cortex Medicine & Life Sciences
Glutamic Acid Medicine & Life Sciences
gamma-Aminobutyric Acid Medicine & Life Sciences
Synapses Medicine & Life Sciences
N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptors Medicine & Life Sciences
Autoreceptors Medicine & Life Sciences
Neurons Medicine & Life Sciences
Presynaptic Receptors Medicine & Life Sciences

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Projects 2004 2017

Research Output 2000 2016

3 Citations (Scopus)

A low mortality, high morbidity reduced intensity status epilepticus (RISE) model of epilepsy and epileptogenesis in the rat

Modebadze, T., Morgan, N. H., Pérès, I. A. A., Hadid, R. D., Amada, N., Hill, C., Williams, C., Stanford, I. M., Morris, C. M., Jones, R. S. G., Whalley, B. J. & Woodhall, G. L., 24 Feb 2016, In : PLoS ONE. 11, 2, e0147265.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
File
epilepsy
Status Epilepticus
morbidity
seizures
Rats
14 Citations (Scopus)

Human brain slices for epilepsy research: pitfalls, solutions and future challenges

Jones, R. S. G., Brito da Silva, A., Whittaker, R. G., Woodhall, G. L. & Cunningham, M. O., 15 Feb 2016, In : Journal of Neuroscience Methods. 260, p. 221-232 48 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

File
Epilepsy
Brain
Research
Culture Techniques
Neurosurgical Procedures

Benzodiazepine-site modulation of tonic inhibition in fast spiking interneurons alters cortical oscillatory dynamics

Prokic, E., Weston, C., Yamawaki, N., Hall, S., Jones, R., Stanford, I., Ladds, G. & Woodhall, G., 2015, In : Neuropharmacology. 95, p. 192-205

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Interneurons
Benzodiazepines
GABA-A Receptors
Inhibitory Postsynaptic Potentials
zolpidem
12 Citations (Scopus)

Cortical oscillatory dynamics and benzodiazepine-site modulation of tonic inhibition in fast spiking interneurons

Prokic, E. J., Weston, C., Yamawaki, N., Hall, S. D., Jones, R. S. G., Stanford, I. M., Ladds, G. & Woodhall, G. L., 1 Aug 2015, In : Neuropharmacology. 95, p. 192-205 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
Interneurons
Benzodiazepines
gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
Flumazenil
Inhibitory Postsynaptic Potentials
4 Citations (Scopus)

Differential Effects of D-Cycloserine and ACBC at NMDA Receptors in the Rat Entorhinal Cortex Are Related to Efficacy at the Co-Agonist Binding Site

Lench, A., Robson, E. & Jones, R., 20 Jul 2015, In : PLoS ONE. 10, 7, 21 p., e0133548.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
File

Thesis

Co-agonist Regulation of Pre and Postsynaptic NMDA Receptors in the Entorhinal Cortex

Author: Lench, A., 25 Sep 2015

Supervisor: Jones, R. (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisPhD

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Developmental changes in kainate receptors in cortical network function and oscillogenesis

Author: Robson, E., 5 Feb 2018

Supervisor: Jones, R. (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisPhD

File

Functional role of kainate receptors in the rat entorhinal cortex

Author: Chamberlain, S., 1 Sep 2008

Supervisor: Jones, R. (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisPhD

File
File

The role of synaptic noise in cortical excitability

Author: Greenhill, S., 1 Jan 2008

Supervisor: Jones, R. (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisPhD

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