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Personal profile

Research interests

Paul’s research involves the development of new computer-based tools for both architects and engineers to help with the creation, optimisation and realisation of complex geometry buildings. Until very recently, computers had been used almost exclusively by the building industry as a form of electronic paper, helping designers to communicate their ideas, but not actually contributing to the design process itself. But with the recent development in computational speed, graphics and networking, this means that the full potential of the computer is being wasted.

By combining mathematical techniques such as Dynamic Relaxation, Multi-Objective Optimisation, and Parametric Modelling, Paul aims to facilitate the design of complex geometry forms, using computational techniques to improve the potential structural and environmental performance and constructability of the resulting shapes. He is confident that computers will become active participants in the design process, as well as providing a common platform on which all members of the design team can interactively share ideas and truly collaborate to create innovative and sustainable buildings.

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Projects 2009 2021

Research Output 1998 2020

A design methodology to reduce the embodied carbon of concrete buildings using thin-shell floors

Hawkins, W., Orr, J., Ibell, T. & Shepherd, P., 8 Jan 2020, (Accepted/In press) In : Engineering Structures.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Adaptive solution of truss layout optimization problems with global stability constraints

Weldeyesus, A., Gondzio, J., He, L., Gilbert, M., Shepherd, P. & Tyas, A., 30 Nov 2019, In : Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization. 60, 5, p. 2093-2111

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access

A new conceptual design optimization tool for frame structures

He, L., Gilbert, M., Shepherd, P., Ye, J., Koronaki, A., Fairclough, H., Davison, B., Tyas, A., Gondzio, J. & Weldeyesus, A., 2019.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


Dataset for the effective length of columns in multi-storey frames

Webber, A. (Creator), Orr, J. (Creator), Shepherd, P. (Creator), Crothers, K. (Creator), University of Bath, 12 Aug 2015



Current perspectives and future directions of BIM assessment methods

Author: Azzouz, A., 29 Apr 2018

Supervisor: Copping, A. (Supervisor) & Shepherd, P. (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisPhD

Harmonic form-finding for the design of curvature-stiffened shells

Author: Brandt-Olsen, C., 16 Dec 2015

Supervisor: Shepherd, P. (Supervisor) & Richens, P. (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisMPhil


Interactive Design of Curved‐Crease‐Folding

Author: Bhooshan, S. B., 1 Sep 2015

Supervisor: Shepherd, P. (Supervisor) & Richens, P. (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisMPhil


Meta-Parametric Design: Developing a Computational Approach for Early Stage Collaborative Practice

Author: Harding, J., 22 Apr 2015

Supervisor: Shepherd, P. (Supervisor), Horswill, D. (External person) (Supervisor) & Williams, C. (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Engineering (EngD)


Multi-Objective Optimisation of Building Geometry for Energy Consumption and View Quality

Author: Xuereb Conti, Z., 18 Dec 2013

Supervisor: Shepherd, P. (Supervisor) & Richens, P. (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisMPhil