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Research interests

Paul’s research involves the development of new computer-based tools for both architects and engineers to help with the creation, optimisation and realisation of complex geometry buildings. Until very recently, computers had been used almost exclusively by the building industry as a form of electronic paper, helping designers to communicate their ideas, but not actually contributing to the design process itself. But with the recent development in computational speed, graphics and networking, this means that the full potential of the computer is being wasted.

By combining mathematical techniques such as Dynamic Relaxation, Multi-Objective Optimisation, and Parametric Modelling, Paul aims to facilitate the design of complex geometry forms, using computational techniques to improve the potential structural and environmental performance and constructability of the resulting shapes. He is confident that computers will become active participants in the design process, as well as providing a common platform on which all members of the design team can interactively share ideas and truly collaborate to create innovative and sustainable buildings.

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Projects 2009 2021

Automating Concrete Construction (ACORN)

Shepherd, P. & Ibell, T.


Project: Research council

Tall buildings
Gas emissions

Autonomous Aerial Robotic Manufacturing

Ball, R., Shepherd, P. & Williams, C.


Project: Research council


Research Output 1998 2019

A new conceptual design optimization tool for frame structures

He, L., Gilbert, M., Shepherd, P., Ye, J., Koronaki, A., Fairclough, H., Davison, B., Tyas, A., Gondzio, J. & Weldeyesus, A., 2019.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Computational grid generation for the design of free-form shells with complex boundary conditions

Li, T., Ye, J., Shepherd, P., Wu, H. & Gao, B., 29 Jan 2019, In : Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering. 33, 3

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
1 Citation (Scopus)

An analytical failure envelope for the design of textile reinforced concrete shells

Hawkins, W., Orr, J., Ibell, T. & Shepherd, P., 1 Aug 2018, In : Structures. 15, p. 56 - 65 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Reinforced concrete

Cementitious mortars and polyurethane foams for additive building manufacturing

Dams, B., Peng, J., Shepherd, P. & Ball, R., 9 Apr 2018, p. 103-107. 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Open Access
3D printers

Computational Grid Generation on the Design of Freeform Shells with Complex Boundary Conditions

Ye, J., Li, T., Shepherd, P. & Gao, B., 24 Jul 2018.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


Dataset for the effective length of columns in multi-storey frames

Webber, A. (Creator), Orr, J. (Creator), Shepherd, P. (Creator), Crothers, K. (Creator), University of Bath, 12 Aug 2015



Procedural Reconstruction of Architectural Parametric Models from Airborne and Ground Laser Scans

Author: Edum-Fotwe, K., 2018

Supervisor: Shepherd, P. (Supervisor) & Brown, M. (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Engineering (EngD)