Personal profile

Research interests

I am a Reader in Civil Engineering and I carry out research in the area of smart and innovative concrete technology.  Some of my current research includes:

  • bacteria-based self-healing concrete,
  • self-sensing concrete using graphene and other sensors,
  • electrically conductive concrete, and
  • nanotechnology enhanced concrete.

I also carry out research in recycled aggregates, low carbon cements and geopolymers.

I am currently the Bath PI on the £5m EPSRC Programme Grant on “Resilient Materials for Life (RM4L)” and I was the Bath PI on its predecessor Materials for Life (M4L)” ( From 2011 to 2014 I led Bath’s involvement in the EU funded FP7 research “FIBCEM” to develop nanotechnology enhanced extruded fibre reinforced foam cement (

I have also received funding from other sources including: NERC, the Royal Academy of Engineering, the British Council, Government departments, WRAP, and industry.

I am the Department Research Ethics Officer (DREO) for Architecture and Civil Engineering and the Director of Studies for the MSc in Civil Engineering: Innovative Structural Materials.

Willing to supervise PhD

Smart and innovative concrete technologies, including:
• self-healing concrete,
• self-sensing concrete
• nanotechnology enhanced concrete
• low carbon concretes
• recycled aggregates

Fingerprint Fingerprint is based on mining the text of the person's scientific documents to create an index of weighted terms, which defines the key subjects of each individual researcher.

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Concretes Engineering & Materials Science
Cements Engineering & Materials Science
Portland cement Chemical Compounds
Lime Engineering & Materials Science
Coal Ash Chemical Compounds
cement Earth & Environmental Sciences
Pozzolan Engineering & Materials Science
Fly ash Engineering & Materials Science

Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

Projects 2008 2022

RM4L - Resilient Materials for Life

Paine, K., Ball, R., Heath, A., Tan, L. & Tzoura, E.


Project: Research council

Bacteria based self-healing concrete

Paine, K., Tan, L. & Ferrandiz-Mas, V.


Project: Other

International Research Initiator Scheme - Development and implementation of sustainable construction materials in South Africa and the UK

Heath, A., Paine, K. & Orr, J.


Project: Research-related fundingInternational Relations Office Funding

M4L: Materials for Life

Paine, K. & Heath, A.


Project: Research council

Self-healing materials
Intelligent materials
Geotechnical engineering
Intelligent structures

Research Output 1995 2018

Application of expanded perlite encapsulated bacteria and growth media for self-healing concrete

Alazhari, M., Sharma, T., Heath, A., Cooper, R. & Paine, K. Jan 2018 In : Construction and Building Materials. 160, p. 610-619 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
calcium acetate
Calcium compounds

A Review of Self-Healing Concrete for Damage Management of Structures

De Belie, N. , Gruyaert, E. , Al-Tabbaa, A. , Antonaci, P. , Baera, C. , Bajare, D. , Darquennes, A. , Davies, R. , Ferrara, L. , Jefferson, T. , Litina, C. , Miljevic, B. , Otlewska, A. , Ranogajec, J. , Roig-Flores, M. , Paine, K. , Lukowski, P. , Serna, P. , Tulliani, J-M. , Vucetic, S. & 2 others Wang, J. & Jonkers, H. May 2018 In : Advanced Materials Interfaces. 28 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Sustainable development
Self-healing materials
Physical properties
Mechanical properties

Polycarboxylate / nanosilica modified quaternary cement formulations - enhancements and limitations

Papatzani, S. & Paine, K. 1 Jun 2018 In : Advances in Cement Research. 30, 6, p. 256-269 17.00111

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Coal Ash
Fly ash
Portland cement
Compressive strength

Pore-structure and microstructural investigation of organomodified/Inorganic nano-montmorillonite cementitious nanocomposites

Papatzani, S., Grammatikos, S., Adl-Zarrabi, B. & Paine, K. 19 Apr 2018 2018 6th International Conference on Nano and Materials Science( ICNMS). American Institute of Physics Inc., p. 1 - 5 5 p. 030004. (AIP Conference Proceedings; vol. 1957)

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution