Personal profile

Research interests

I am a Reader in Civil Engineering and I carry out research in the area of smart and innovative concrete technology.  Some of my current research includes:

  • bacteria-based self-healing concrete,
  • self-sensing concrete using graphene and other sensors,
  • electrically conductive concrete, and
  • nanotechnology enhanced concrete.

I also carry out research in recycled aggregates, low carbon cements and geopolymers.

I am currently the Bath PI on the £5m EPSRC Programme Grant on “Resilient Materials for Life (RM4L)” and I was the Bath PI on its predecessor Materials for Life (M4L)” ( From 2011 to 2014 I led Bath’s involvement in the EU funded FP7 research “FIBCEM” to develop nanotechnology enhanced extruded fibre reinforced foam cement (

I have also received funding from other sources including: NERC, the Royal Academy of Engineering, the British Council, Government departments, WRAP, and industry.

I am the Department Research Ethics Officer (DREO) for Architecture and Civil Engineering and the Director of Studies for the MSc in Civil Engineering: Innovative Structural Materials.

Willing to supervise PhD

Smart and innovative concrete technologies, including:
• self-healing concrete,
• self-sensing concrete
• nanotechnology enhanced concrete
• low carbon concretes
• recycled aggregates

Fingerprint Fingerprint is based on mining the text of the person's scientific documents to create an index of weighted terms, which defines the key subjects of each individual researcher.

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Projects 2008 2022

Research Output 1995 2018

Application of expanded perlite encapsulated bacteria and growth media for self-healing concrete

Alazhari, M., Sharma, T., Heath, A., Cooper, R. & Paine, K. Jan 2018 In : Construction and Building Materials. 160, p. 610-619 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
Calcium compounds
Calcium carbonate

A Review of Self-Healing Concrete for Damage Management of Structures

De Belie, N. , Gruyaert, E. , Al-Tabbaa, A. , Antonaci, P. , Baera, C. , Bajare, D. , Darquennes, A. , Davies, R. , Ferrara, L. , Jefferson, T. , Litina, C. , Miljevic, B. , Otlewska, A. , Ranogajec, J. , Roig-Flores, M. , Paine, K. , Lukowski, P. , Serna, P. , Tulliani, J-M. , Vucetic, S. & 2 others Wang, J. & Jonkers, H. May 2018 In : Advanced Materials Interfaces. 28 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Sustainable development
Self-healing materials
Intelligent materials

The pozzolanic properties of inorganic and organomodified nano-montmorillonite dispersions

Papatzani, S., Badogiannis, E. & Paine, K. 10 Apr 2018 In : Construction and Building Materials. 167, p. 299-316

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations
Open Access
Calcium Carbonate
Phase-Contrast Microscopy