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Personal profile

Research interests

I am a Reader in Civil Engineering and I carry out research in the area of smart and innovative concrete technology.  Some of my current research includes:

  • bacteria-based self-healing concrete,
  • self-sensing concrete using graphene and other sensors,
  • electrically conductive concrete, and
  • nanotechnology enhanced concrete.

I also carry out research in recycled aggregates, low carbon cements and geopolymers.

I am currently the Bath PI on the £5m EPSRC Programme Grant on “Resilient Materials for Life (RM4L)” (www.rm4l.com) and I was the Bath PI on its predecessor Materials for Life (M4L)”. From 2011 to 2014 I led Bath’s involvement in the EU funded FP7 research “FIBCEM” to develop nanotechnology enhanced extruded fibre reinforced foam cement (www.fibcem.com).

I have also received funding from other sources including: NERC, the Royal Academy of Engineering, the British Council, Government departments, WRAP, and industry.

I am the Department Research Ethics Officer (DREO) for Architecture and Civil Engineering and the Director of Studies for the MSc in Civil Engineering: Innovative Structural Materials.

Willing to supervise PhD

Smart and innovative concrete technologies, including:
• self-healing concrete,
• self-sensing concrete
• nanotechnology enhanced concrete
• low carbon concretes
• recycled aggregates

Education/Academic qualification

Structural engineering, Doctor of Philosophy, University of Nottingham

Oct 1994Sep 1997

Fingerprint Fingerprint is based on mining the text of the person's scientific documents to create an index of weighted terms, which defines the key subjects of each individual researcher.

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Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

Projects 2008 2022

RM4L - Resilient Materials for Life

Paine, K., Ball, R., Heath, A., Tan, L. & Tzoura, E.


Project: Research council

International Research Initiator Scheme - Development and implementation of sustainable construction materials in South Africa and the UK

Heath, A., Paine, K. & Orr, J.


Project: Research-related fundingInternational Relations Office Funding

M4L: Materials for Life

Paine, K. & Heath, A.


Project: Research council

Self-healing materials
Intelligent materials
Geotechnical engineering
Intelligent structures

Research Output 1995 2019

Olivine as a reactive aggregate in lime mortars

Westgate, P., Ball, R. & Paine, K., 20 Jan 2019, In : Construction and Building Materials. 195, p. 115-126 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Application and performance of bacteria-based self-healing concrete

Paine, K., Sharma, T., Alazhari, M., Heath, A. & Cooper, R., Jun 2018, Proceedings of Final Conference of RILEM TC 253-MCI: Microorganisms-Cementitious Materials Interactions. Bertron, A. & Jonkers, H. (eds.). Vol. 2. p. 387-394

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations

Application of expanded perlite encapsulated bacteria and growth media for self-healing concrete

Alazhari, M., Sharma, T., Heath, A., Cooper, R. & Paine, K., Jan 2018, In : Construction and Building Materials. 160, p. 610-619 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
calcium acetate
Calcium compounds
7 Citations

A Review of Self-Healing Concrete for Damage Management of Structures

De Belie, N., Gruyaert, E., Al-Tabbaa, A., Antonaci, P., Baera, C., Bajare, D., Darquennes, A., Davies, R., Ferrara, L., Jefferson, T., Litina, C., Miljevic, B., Otlewska, A., Ranogajec, J., Roig-Flores, M., Paine, K., Lukowski, P., Serna, P., Tulliani, J-M., Vucetic, S. & 2 othersWang, J. & Jonkers, H., May 2018, In : Advanced Materials Interfaces. 28 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Sustainable development
Self-healing materials



An assessment of the performance of calcium sulfoaluminate and supersulfated cements for use in concrete

Author: Ioannou, S., 15 Jan 2012

Supervisor: Paine, K. (Supervisor) & Walker, P. (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisPhD

Characterisation of Hemp-Line as a Composite Building Material

Author: Hirst, E., 31 Dec 2013

Supervisor: Walker, P. (Supervisor) & Paine, K. (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisPhD


Development of Sustainable and Low Carbon Concretes for the Gulf Environment

Author: Abu Saleh, S., 16 Jan 2014

Supervisor: Paine, K. (Supervisor) & Walker, P. (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisPhD


Nanotechnologically modified cements: Effects on hydration, microstructure and physical properties

Author: Papatzani, S., 7 Apr 2015

Supervisor: Paine, K. (Supervisor) & Walker, P. (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisPhD


The effect of microbiological agents on the efficiency of bio-based repair systems for concrete

Author: Alazhari, M., 27 Jun 2017

Supervisor: Paine, K. (Supervisor) & Heath, A. (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisPhD