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Personal profile

Research interests


Dr Kang Ma was appointed Lecturer in the Department of Electronic & Electrical Engineering in 2016.


Dr Ma’s research interests include low voltage (415V, LV) distribution networks, especially phase imbalance in LV networks. He is also interested in the planning and operation of distribution systems.

For detailed descriptions of Dr Kang Ma's research areas and academic profile, please visit his personal website.


  • TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
  • Electrical power distribution
  • Distribution system
  • Three-phase imbalance
  • Distribution network planning
  • Distribution network operation

Fingerprint Fingerprint is based on mining the text of the person's scientific documents to create an index of weighted terms, which defines the key subjects of each individual researcher.

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Projects 2016 2020

Research Output 2015 2019

  • 13 Article
  • 2 Conference contribution
  • 2 Paper
  • 1 Conference article

A Statistical Approach to Estimate Imbalance-Induced Energy Losses for Data-Scarce Low Voltage Networks

Fang, L., Ma, K., Li, R., Wang, Z. & Shi, H., 9 Jan 2019, In : IEEE Transactions on Power Systems. p. 1-1 1 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access

Chance-Constrained Optimization for Multi Energy Hub Systems in a Smart City

Huo, D., Gu, C., Ma, K., Wei, W., Xiang, Y. & Le Blond, S., 28 Feb 2019, In : IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics. 66, 2, p. 1402-1412 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
Constrained optimization
Energy resources
Flow of gases
Security systems

Future Distribution System Architecture in the UK

Kong, W., Ma, K., Li, F. & Sidebotham, L., 3 Jan 2019, 2018 International Conference on Power System Technology, POWERCON 2018 - Proceedings. IEEE, p. 516-521 6 p. 8602349

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Impact Assessment Criteria of Distribution System Architecture

Kong, W., Ma, K., Li, F., Thompson, E. & Sidebotham, L., 5 Apr 2019, (Accepted/In press).

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

The Imbalance-Induced Resistive Heating Profiles Analysis for Low Voltage Transformers

Fang, L., Ma, K. & Song, X., 3 Jun 2019, 2019 2nd International Conference on Electrical Materials and Power Equipment: ICEMPE 2019. IEEE

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Open Access