Projects per year
In consequence of spiralling global environmental concerns such as pollution, climate change and depleting energy resources, green technology has emerged as an important research trend and development in the 21st century. My research motivation has always been to help the world to work towards a sustainable future through the use of fundamental science and innovative chemical engineering technologies. The work in my research group is in the domain of applying green cleaning technology and process optimisation to reduce the consumption of energy, water and resources, as well as to minimise or mitigate the negative impacts on the environment from human activities.
I have strong interest in the design and development of multi-functional adsorbent structures for use in air purification applications such as those found in industrial and domestic air filters, and respiratory protection equipment for emergency responders. One of the main challenges in traditional air filter devices and respiratory escape mask is the high pressure drop incurred in the granular activated carbon packed bed filter. I am working with adsorbent structures (e.g. hollow fibres, polymeric foams and carbonised monoliths) that are low burden i.e. incur low pressure drop, and capable of physically and chemically adsorb toxic species from air. More recently, we are also focusing on incorporating heat absorbing capability in respiratory protection masks that are used in fire situations by using shape stable phase change materials.
Fouling and cleaning
I have strong interest in the research area related to surface layers. I have been working on issues related to fouling and cleaning of surface layers in the food, textile, polymer processing, membranes and biotechnological industries since 2004. Fluid Dynamic Gauging (FDG) is a technique developed in my research group to measure the thickness of solid layers deposited on a substrate in situ and in real time. The technique is based on the steady flow of a fluid through a nozzle located near the layer surface, so that the device does not touch the layer but senses its presence, by virtue of its influence on the flow rate of the fluid. Measurement of the flow rate tells us the thickness and strength (cohesive and adhesive) of the surface layers. With careful mechanical design, FDG has been extended to an automated system that can now measure thickness and attachment strength or deformability of fouling layers in situ and in real time. The advances have come through combining experimental measurements and numerical modelling.
Water and wastewater treatment
Bubbles and droplets, are ubiquitous in everyday life, both in nature and in technology. My research on gas-liquid systems is centred on understanding the hydrodynamics and interfacial interactions of small scaled fluid particles with their continuous phase during the course of their movements in a piece of equipment. The most important feature of the fluid particles that sets them apart from the rigid particles is their mobile surface and their ability to deform during motion. I am using a combination of experimental and computational techniques to understand the dynamics of these bubbles in processes such as wastewater treatment, fermentation and surface cleaning. Recent work includes using microbubbles to remove/recover microplastics from wastewater streams.
Willing to supervise doctoral students
Interested in supervising students studying:
- Green cleaning
- Air purification
- Water treatment
- Sensors for fouling and cleaning
- Gas-liquid phase flows
- Non-Newtonian fluids
Expertise related to UN Sustainable Development Goals
In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This person’s work contributes towards the following SDG(s):
Doctor of Philosophy, University of Cambridge
Award Date: 1 Jan 2005
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1/02/22 → 31/01/27
Project: Research council
1/03/22 → 30/06/22
Project: Research councilFile
2/01/18 → 31/03/21
Project: Research council
Wilson, D. I. & Chew, J., 30 Jun 2023, Current Opinion in Food Science, 51 8 p.
Research output: Contribution to specialist publication › ArticleOpen Access1 Citation (SciVal)
Simultaneous monitoring of flow patterns, and bubble, and plastics micro-particle characteristics in Dissolved Air Flotation (DAF)Swart, B., Chew, Y. M. J. & Wenk, J., 1 Sept 2023, In: Chemical Engineering Research and Design. 197, p. 148-158 11 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-reviewOpen Access
Scott, S., Chew, J., Barnard, J., Burrows, A., Smith, M., Tennison, S. & Perera, S., 1 Aug 2023, In: Advanced Functional Materials. 33, 31, 2213715.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-reviewOpen Access2 Citations (SciVal)
Mazinani, S., Al-Shimmery, A., Chew, Y. M. J. & Mattia, D., 15 Feb 2022, In: Journal of Membrane Science. 644, 120137.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-reviewOpen AccessFile9 Citations (SciVal)35 Downloads (Pure)
Kammler, J., Zoumpouli, G., Sellmann, J., Chew, J., Wenk, J. & Ernst, M., 1 Aug 2022, In: Water Research. 221, 118739.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-reviewOpen Access7 Citations (SciVal)
Dataset for ''High Flux Thin-Film Nanocomposites with Embedded Boron Nitride Nanotubes for Nanofiltration''