Graeme Fairchild

Dr

  • 10 WEST 2.41

Accepting PhD Students

20132019
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Personal profile

Research interests

Dr. Fairchild’s current research is funded by the European Commission, the Medical Research Council, and the Economic and Social Research Council, and in the past he has been funded by the Wellcome Trust, the British Academy, and the charity Kids Company.  The majority of this work has involved using neuropsychological or neuroimaging approaches to understand individual-level factors that contribute to risk for developing antisocial behaviour and aggression, such as facial emotion recognition difficulties and changes in brain structure or function. 

The aim of Dr. Fairchild’s main research project, FemNAT-CD, which is a multi-site study taking place across several European countries, is to understand the causes of sex differences in antisocial behaviour in children and adolescents.  This is an important issue because there are substantial sex differences in the prevalence of severe antisocial behaviour, and antisocial behaviour is extremely costly for the affected individuals, as well as their families, and society in general. 

Another major project that Dr. Fairchild is involved in, the English and Romanian Adoptees’ Brain Imaging Study (ERABIS), seeks to understand the long-term consequences of institutional deprivation on brain development by studying the brains of adoptees who previously experienced varying durations of deprivation in Romanian orphanages.  This study uses advanced structural and functional neuroimaging methods to investigate the impact of early deprivation on brain development, activity, and connectivity.  As many of the adoptees have had positive outcomes, and have appeared to largely recover from their early negative experiences, another important focus of the study is understanding mechanisms of resilience – why is it that some adoptees show enduring mental health difficulties, whereas others appear to have overcome their earlier disadvantages and are adapting well to adult life? 

As well as these research commitments, Dr. Fairchild coordinates and delivers teaching on the Developmental Psychopathology and Biological Psychology modules within the Psychology undergraduate programme. 

Research interests

  • The neurobiological bases of antisocial behaviour and violence in adolescence
  • The development of the brain during childhood and adolescence
  • Sex differences in antisocial behaviour and psychopathology
  • The impact of trauma and adversity on the developing brain and risk for psychopathology
  • Behavioural economic and neuroeconomic approaches to understanding mental disorders

Recent news

'Map' of teenage brain provides strong evidence of link between serious antisocial behaviour and brain development

(This study was also covered in The Telegraph, The Guardian and several other national newspapers).

Willing to supervise PhD

Applications from prospective PhD students would be welcomed in any of the research areas described.

Education/Academic qualification

Psychiatry, Doctor of Philosophy, Newcastle University

Sep 2000Aug 2004

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Research Output 2013 2019

Investigating Sex Differences in Emotion Recognition, Learning, and Regulation among Youths with Conduct Disorder

Kohls, G., Baumann, S., Gundlach, M., Scharke, W., Bernhard, A., Martinelli, A., Ackermann, K., Kersten, L., Prätzlich, M., Oldenhof, H., Jansen, L., van den Boogaard, L., Smaragdi, A., Gonzalez-Madruga, K., Cornwell, H., Rogers, J., Pauli, R., Clanton, R., Baker, R., Bigorra Gualba, A. & 9 othersHerpertz-Dahlmann, B., Fernández-Rivas, A., Popma, A., Stadler, C., De Brito, S., Blair, J., Freitag, C. M., Fairchild, G. & Konrad, K., 20 Mar 2019, (Accepted/In press) In : Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. p. 1-12 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Relational Aggression in Adolescents with Conduct Disorder: Sex Differences and Behavioral Correlates

Ackermann, K., Kirchner, M., Bernhard, A., Martinelli, A., Anomitri, C., Baker, R., Baumann, S., Dochnal, R., Fernandez-Rivas, A., Gonzalez-Madruga, K., Herpertz-Dahlmann, B., Hervas, A., Jansen, L., Kapornai, K., Kersten, L., Kohls, G., Limprecht, R., Lazaratou, H., McLaughlin, A., Oldenhof, H. & 10 othersRogers, J. C., Siklósi, R., Smaragdi, A., Vivanco-Gonzalez, E., Stadler, C., Fairchild, G., Popma, A., De Brito, S. A., Konrad, K. & Freitag, C. M., 1 Apr 2019, In : Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

White Matter Microstructure in Youths with Conduct Disorder: Effects of Sex and Variation in Callous Traits

Rogers, J., Gonzalez-Madruga, K., Kohls, G., Baker, R., Clanton, R., Pauli, R., Birch, P., Chowdhury, A., Kirchner, M., Andersson, J., Smaragdi, A., Puzzo, I., Baumann, S., Raschle, N. M., Fehlbaum, L. V., Menks, W. M., Steppan, M., Stadler, C., Konrad, K., Freitag, C. & 2 othersFairchild, G. & De Brito, S., 28 Mar 2019, (Accepted/In press) In : Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. p. 1-11 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
File

White matter microstructure of the extended limbic system in male and female youth with conduct disorder

Gonzalez-Madruga, K., Rogers, J., Toschi, N., Riccelli, R., Smaragdi, A., Puzzo, I., Stadler, C., Konrad, K., Freitag, C., De Brito, S. A., Sonuga-Barke, E. & Fairchild, G., 30 Jan 2019, In : Psychological Medicine. p. 1-10 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
File
4 Citations (Scopus)

Altered White-Matter Microstructure in Conduct Disorder is Specifically Associated with Elevated Callous-Unemotional Traits

Puzzo, I., Seunarine, K., Sully, K., Darekar, A., Clark, C., Sonuga-Barke, E. & Fairchild, G., 31 Oct 2018, In : Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. 46, 7, p. 1451-1466

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
Conduct Disorder
Corpus Callosum
Anisotropy
White Matter
Internal Capsule