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Personal profile

Research interests

I work at the intersection of sociology, politics and political economy to investigate how social and political order is imgained, produced and contested in a range of empirical contexts. 

There are three strands to my current work. First, theorising governance and governance analysis as regimes of governing practices. Second, I have a new strand of research investigating the socio-political implications of emerging digital statehoods and the use of digital and algorithmic tools as governing practices. Third, I continue my long-standing work on how governance of migration shapes social relations and political economy in/beyond Europe. I have particular methodological expertise in qualitative comparative research.

I have supervised and co-supervised more than 10 PhD students, and have twice been nominated for a university prize for excellence in doctoral supervision. I am always keen to hear from committed students working in my broad research areas.

I am the Director of Studies for the MSc in Public Policy, our parti-time, distance-learning/resdiential programme for policy professionals.


My other roles include editorial board membership of the Italian Journal of Social Policy, and I have also been Editor and Co-editor of the Journal of European Social Policy.


Research interests

  • Governance analysis: society, politics and policy
  • Digital statehoods: AI and automation as governing practices and their implications
  • Migration governance and the production of socio-political order(s) in the EU and beyond.


Recent projects


Current research students

  • Nadege Ade: Governing healthcare: introducing universal healthcare system in Burkina Faso
  • Jorge Garcia Castro: Public sector reform programmes: translation of a transnational policy agenda in Mexico and Spain
  • King Papież: Transnational belonging and social rights of Polish migrants in the UK
  • Anna Kvittingen: 'vulnerability' and '(in)visibility of refugees in Jordan
  • Bo Donoghue: The false equivalency: liberty and domination in gig economy work
  • Pamela Bernales-Baksai: Policy architectures, social practices: comparing health systems in Chile, Bolivia and Uruguay
  • Lydia Medland: Fair food? View from a global food system enclave
  • Alfred Carr: Migrants' experience of mental health services: Ghanaians in Calgary

Recent research students

  • Jenny Harlock: Governance of voluntary sector in social care
  • Regine Paul: Political economy of border drawing in labour migration
  • Thomais Massala: Financialisation and UK pension system governance
  • Fiona Morgan: Governance of informal care as a social risk in England
  • Berenice Scandone: British-born Bangladeshi women in higher education: intersectional experiences and identities

Education/Academic qualification

History, Bachelor of Arts, University of Oxford

Social Policy , Master of Arts, University of York

Social Policy , Doctor of Philosophy, University of York

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governance Social Sciences
EU Social Sciences
migration Social Sciences
migrant Social Sciences
regulation Social Sciences
migration policy Social Sciences
worker Social Sciences
social security Social Sciences

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Projects 2012 2016

Future Research Leaders Incubator Scheme - Berenice Scandone

Carmel, E. & Naidoo, R.


Project: Research-related funding

Marie Curie IEF - Thanos Maroukis

Carmel, E. & Maroukis, T.

European Commission


Project: EU Commission

labor market
freedom of movement
migration policy

Research Output 2003 2019

Beyond the Rights-Bearing EU Mobile Citizen: Governing Inequality and Privilege in European Union Social Security

Carmel, E., Sojka, B. & Papiez, K., 2019, Boundaries of European Social Citizenship. Amelina, A., Carmel, E., Runfors, A. & Scheibelhofer, E. (eds.). London: Routledge

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Boundaries of European Social Citizenship: EU Citizens’ Transnational Social Security in Regulations, Discourses and Experiences

Carmel, E. (ed.), Amelina, A. (ed.), Runfors, A. (ed.) & Scheibelhofer, E. (ed.), 2019, London: Routledge.

Research output: Book/ReportScholarly edition

Epistemological orientations and analytical framework

Carmel, E., 2019, Governance Analysis: critical enquiry at the intersection of politics, policy and society. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Governance analysis at the intersection of politics, policy and society

Carmel, E., 2019, Governance analysis at the intersection of politics, policy and society. Carmel, E. (ed.). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


An Analysis Of The Treatment Of Informal Care As A Social Risk in England

Author: Morgan, F., 2 Jul 2015

Supervisor: Carmel, E. (Supervisor) & Johnson, M. (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisPhD


British-born Bangladeshi Women in Higher Education: Intersectional Experiences and Identities

Author: Scandone, B., 13 Feb 2018

Supervisor: Carmel, E. (Supervisor) & Ingram, N. (External person) (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisPhD


Development of Health Policymaking Governance Guidance Tool (HP-GGT)

Author: Hamra, R., 6 Oct 2018

Supervisor: Carmel, E. (Supervisor) & Ammar, W. (External person) (Advisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Health (DHealth)


Labour Migration Management as Multidimensional Border-drawing: A Comparative Interpretive Policy Analysis in the EU

Author: Paul, R., 5 Jul 2012

Supervisor: Carmel, E. (Supervisor) & Milner, S. (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisPhD


Processes of Governing in European Networks

Author: Kan, H., 1 Sep 2010

Supervisor: Papadopoulos, T. (Supervisor), Room, G. (Supervisor) & Carmel, E. (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisPhD